Application of mixed formulations of quasi-reversibility to solve ill-posed problems for heat and wave equations: the 1d case

Eliane Bécache 1 Laurent Bourgeois 1 Lucas Franceschini 1 Jérémi Dardé 2
1 POEMS - Propagation des Ondes : Étude Mathématique et Simulation
Inria Saclay - Ile de France, UMA - Unité de Mathématiques Appliquées, CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique : UMR7231
Abstract : In this paper we address some ill-posed problems involving the heat or the wave equation in one dimension, in particular the backward heat equation and the heat/wave equation with lateral Cauchy data. The main objective is to introduce some variational mixed formulations of quasi-reversibility which enable us to solve these ill-posed problems by using some classical La-grange finite elements. The inverse obstacle problems with initial condition and lateral Cauchy data for heat/wave equation are also considered, by using an elementary level set method combined with the quasi-reversibility method. Some numerical experiments are presented to illustrate the feasibility for our strategy in all those situations. 1. Introduction. The method of quasi-reversibility has now a quite long history since the pioneering book of Latt es and Lions in 1967 [1]. The original idea of these authors was, starting from an ill-posed problem which satisfies the uniqueness property, to introduce a perturbation of such problem involving a small positive parameter ε. This perturbation has essentially two effects. Firstly the perturbation transforms the initial ill-posed problem into a well-posed one for any ε, secondly the solution to such problem converges to the solution (if it exists) to the initial ill-posed problem when ε tends to 0. Generally, the ill-posedness in the initial problem is due to unsuitable boundary conditions. As typical examples of linear ill-posed problems one may think of the backward heat equation, that is the initial condition is replaced by a final condition, or the heat or wave equations with lateral Cauchy data, that is the usual Dirichlet or Neumann boundary condition on the boundary of the domain is replaced by a pair of Dirichlet and Neumann boundary conditions on the same subpart of the boundary, no data being prescribed on the complementary part of the boundary.
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Eliane Bécache, Laurent Bourgeois, Lucas Franceschini, Jérémi Dardé. Application of mixed formulations of quasi-reversibility to solve ill-posed problems for heat and wave equations: the 1d case. Inverse Problems and Imaging , AIMS American Institute of Mathematical Sciences, 2015, ⟨10.3934/ipi.2015.9.971⟩. ⟨hal-01235099⟩

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