Nonlinear modification of the laser noise power spectrum induced by frequency-shifted optical feedback

Eric Lacot 1 Bahram Houchmandzadeh 2 Vadim Girardeau 1 Olivier Hugon 1 Olivier Jacquin 1
1 LIPhy-OPTIMA
LIPhy - Laboratoire Interdisciplinaire de Physique [Saint Martin d’Hères]
2 LIPHY-BIOP
LIPhy - Laboratoire Interdisciplinaire de Physique [Saint Martin d’Hères]
Abstract : In this article, we study the nonlinear coupling between the stationary (i.e., the beating modulation signal) and transient (i.e., the laser quantum noise) dynamics of a laser subjected to frequency-shifted optical feedback. We show how the noise power spectrum and more specifically the relaxation oscillation frequency of the laser are modified under different optical feedback conditions. Specifically we study the influence of (i) the amount of light returning to the laser cavity and (ii) the initial detuning between the frequency shift and intrinsic relaxation frequency. The present work shows how the relaxation frequency is related to the strength of the beating signal, and the shape of the noise power spectrum gives an image of the transfer modulation function (i.e., of the amplification gain) of the nonlinear-laser dynamics. The theoretical predictions, confirmed by numerical resolutions, are in good agreement with the experimental data.
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Eric Lacot, Bahram Houchmandzadeh, Vadim Girardeau, Olivier Hugon, Olivier Jacquin. Nonlinear modification of the laser noise power spectrum induced by frequency-shifted optical feedback. Physical Review A, American Physical Society, 2016, ⟨10.1103/PhysRevA.94.033843⟩. ⟨hal-01371635⟩

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