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Classification of Emotional Speech Based on an Automatically Elaborated Hierarchical Classifier

Zhongzhe Xiao 1 Emmanuel Dellandréa 1 Weibei Dou Liming Chen 1 
1 imagine - Extraction de Caractéristiques et Identification
LIRIS - Laboratoire d'InfoRmatique en Image et Systèmes d'information
Abstract : Current machine-based techniques for vocal emotion recognition only consider a finite number of clearly labeled emotional classes whereas the kinds of emotional classes and their number are typically application dependent. Previous studies have shown that multistage classification scheme, because of ambiguous nature of affect classes, helps to improve emotion classification accuracy. However, these multistage classification schemes were manually elaborated by taking into account the underlying emotional classes to be discriminated. In this paper, we propose an automatically elaborated hierarchical classification scheme (ACS), which is driven by an evidence theory-based embedded feature-selection scheme (ESFS), for the purpose of application-dependent emotion recognition. Experimented on the Berlin dataset with 68 features and six emotion states, this automatically elaborated hierarchical classifier (ACS) showed its effectiveness, displaying a 71.38% classification accuracy rate compared to a 71.52% classification rate achieved by our previously dimensional model-driven but still manually elaborated multistage classifier (DEC). Using the DES dataset with five emotion states, our ACS achieved a 76.74% recognition rate compared to a 81.22% accuracy rate displayed by a manually elaborated multistage classification scheme (DEC).
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Submitted on : Thursday, August 18, 2016 - 7:25:39 PM
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Zhongzhe Xiao, Emmanuel Dellandréa, Weibei Dou, Liming Chen. Classification of Emotional Speech Based on an Automatically Elaborated Hierarchical Classifier. ISRN Signal Processing, 2011, pp.15. ⟨10.5402/2011/753819⟩. ⟨hal-01354395⟩



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