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Extractive distillation: recent advances in operation strategies

Abstract : Extractive distillation is one of the efficient techniques for separating azeotropic and low-relativevolatility mixtures in various chemical industries. This paper first provides an overview of thermodynamic insight covering residue curve map analysis, the application of univolatility and unidistribution curves, and thermodynamic feasibility study. The pinch-point analysis method combining bifurcation shortcut presents another branch of study, and several achievements have been realized by the identification of possible product cut under the following key parameters: reflux ratio, reboil ratio, and entrainer-feed flow rate ratio. Process operation policies and strategy concerning batch extractive distillation processes are summarized in four operation steps. Several configurations and technological alternatives can be used when extractive distillation processes take place in a continuous or batch column, depending on the strategy selected for the recycle streams and for the main azeotropic feeds.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, June 28, 2016 - 3:15:48 PM
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Weifeng Shen, Hassiba Benyounes, Vincent Gerbaud. Extractive distillation: recent advances in operation strategies. Reviews in Chemical Engineering, 2014, 31 (1), pp.13-26. ⟨10.1515/revce-2014-0031⟩. ⟨hal-01338390⟩



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