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Microfluidic model of the platelet-generating organ: beyond bone marrow biomimetics

Abstract : We present a new, rapid method for producing blood platelets in vitro from cultured megakaryocytes based on a microfluidic device. This device consists in a wide array of VWF-coated micropillars. Such pillars act as anchors on megakaryocytes, allowing them to remain trapped in the device and subjected to hydrodynamic shear. The combined effect of anchoring and shear induces the elongation of megakaryocytes and finally their rupture into platelets and proplatelets. This process was observed with megakaryocytes from different origins and found to be robust. This original bioreactor design allows to process megakaryocytes at high throughput (millions per hour). Since platelets are produced in such a large amount, their extensive biological characterisation is possible and shows that platelets produced in this bioreactor are functional. Platelets are small anucleate cells that circulate in blood and are responsible for the arrest of bleeding. Platelets are formed by fragmentation of larger cells called megakaryocytes (MKs). Thrombocytopenia (insufficient platelet count) is a major condition, often requiring platelet transfusions. High collection costs, donor shortage, immuno-genicity, risk of contamination and storage issues represent the main limits of this therapeutic approach. People have tried to make artificial platelets but these objects seem promising for drug targeting rather than for therapy
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01336833
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Submitted on : Thursday, June 23, 2016 - 10:27:55 PM
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Long-term archiving on: : Saturday, September 24, 2016 - 12:07:16 PM

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Antoine Blin, Anne Le Goff, Aurélie Magniez, Sonia Poirault-Chassac, Bruno Teste, et al.. Microfluidic model of the platelet-generating organ: beyond bone marrow biomimetics. Scientific Reports, 2016, 6, pp.21700. ⟨10.1038/srep21700⟩. ⟨hal-01336833⟩

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