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Modulation Instability and Phase-Shifted Fermi-Pasta-Ulam Recurrence

Abstract : Instabilities are common phenomena frequently observed in nature, sometimes leading to unexpected catastrophes and disasters in seemingly normal conditions. The simplest form of instability in a distributed system is its response to a harmonic modulation. Such instability has special names in various branches of physics and is generally known as modulation instability (MI). The MI is tightly related to Fermi-Pasta-Ulam (FPU) recurrence since breather solutions of the nonlinear Schr\"odinger equation (NLSE) are known to accurately describe growth and decay of modulationally unstable waves in conservative systems. Here, we report theoretical, numerical and experimental evidence of the effect of dissipation on FPU cycles in a super wave tank, namely their shift in a determined order. In showing that ideal NLSE breather solutions can describe such dissipative nonlinear dynamics, our results may impact the interpretation of a wide range of new physics scenarios.
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Submitted on : Monday, June 14, 2021 - 2:05:43 PM
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O. Kimmoun, H.C. Hsu, H. Branger, M. S. Li, Y. Y. Chen, et al.. Modulation Instability and Phase-Shifted Fermi-Pasta-Ulam Recurrence. Scientific Reports, Nature Publishing Group, 2016, 6 (28516), ⟨10.1038/srep28516⟩. ⟨hal-01320952⟩



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