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From drug screening to target deconvolution: A target-based drug discovery pipeline using Leishmania casein kinase 1 isoform 2 to identify compounds with anti-leishmanial activity

Abstract : Existing therapies for leishmaniases present significant limitations, such as toxic side effects, and are rendered inefficient by parasite resistance. It is of utmost importance to develop novel drugs targeting Leishmania that take these two limitations into consideration. We thus chose a target-based approach using an exo-protein kinase, Leishmania casein kinase 1.2 (LmCK1.2) that was recently shown to be essential for intracellular parasite survival and infectivity. We developed a four-step pipeline to identify novel selective anti-leishmanial compounds. In step 1, we screened 5018 compounds from kinase-biased libraries with Leishmania and mammalian casein kinase 1 in order to identify hit compounds and assess their specificity. For step 2, we selected 88 compounds among those with the lowest IC50 to test their biological activity on host-free parasites using a resazurin reduction assay and on intramacrophagic amastigotes using a high content phenotypic assay. Only seventy-five compounds showed anti-leishmanial activity and were retained for step 3 to evaluate their toxicity against mouse macrophages and human cell lines. The four compounds that displayed a selectivity index above 10 were then assessed for their affinity to LmCK1.2 using a target deconvolution strategy in step 4. Finally, we retained two compounds, PP2 and compound 42, for which LmCK1.2 seems to be the primary target. Using this four-step pipeline, we identify from several thousand molecules, two lead compounds with a selective anti-leishmanial activity.
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Submitted on : Friday, April 8, 2016 - 12:08:50 PM
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Emilie Durieu, Eric Prina, Olivier Leclercq, Nassima Oumata, Nicolas Gaboriaud-Kolar, et al.. From drug screening to target deconvolution: A target-based drug discovery pipeline using Leishmania casein kinase 1 isoform 2 to identify compounds with anti-leishmanial activity. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, American Society for Microbiology, 2016, ⟨10.1128/AAC.00021-16⟩. ⟨hal-01299756⟩

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