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De la biologie des hyphomycètes aquatiques à l'écologie des rivières

Résumé : Aquatic hyphomycetes are found throughout the world in continental, mostly running waters. These fungi produce a great number of conidia whose morphology is well adapted to the colonization of substrata submerged in streams. The distribution of aquatic hyphomycete species and the composition of communities are mainly influenced by the temperature and the water quality of rivers, but are possibly controlled by other environmental factors (e.g. the altitude and the nature of the riparian vegetation). Aquatic hyphomycetes are involved in litter decomposition which is a key process in river functioning. The enzymatic equipment of these fungi include cellulase, phenol oxydase, pectinase, lipase, protease and amylase. Their activity cause the conditioning and the maceration of plant matter resulting both in an enhanced assimilation by stream invertebrates and in the release of fine particulate organic matter.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01295621
Contributor : Open Archive Toulouse Archive Ouverte (oatao) <>
Submitted on : Thursday, March 31, 2016 - 1:56:45 PM
Last modification on : Friday, August 2, 2019 - 2:32:07 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Monday, November 14, 2016 - 11:18:06 AM

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  • HAL Id : hal-01295621, version 1
  • OATAO : 9628

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Eric Chauvet. De la biologie des hyphomycètes aquatiques à l'écologie des rivières. Cryptogamie, Mycologie, Associations des Amis des Cryptogames, 1992, 13 (3), pp.203-214. ⟨hal-01295621⟩

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