An evaluation of the 1987 French Disabled Workers Act: Better paying than hiring

Abstract : In France, the French Disabled Workers Act set up a legal quota of disabled workers in more than 20 employees companies. In order to encourage employers to better promote the employment of disabled people, this law decreed financial penalties for noncompliance. The aim of this paper is to evaluate the impact of this law on the employment of disabled people. We use a triple difference approach combined with dynamic exact matching and weighting methods in order to disentangle the pure effect of the legislation by controlling for both observable and unobservable correlated heterogeneities. Using a panel data set built from the “Santé et itinéraire professionnel” (lit. “Health and Labour Market Histories”) survey conducted in France in 2006-2007, we investigate whether disabilities have a significant impact on people’s employment, by distinguishing between the public and private sectors. We compare the labour trajectories of disabled people befor and after the implementation of the law (1968-1986 vs 1988-2006). Our findings highlight a negative impact of the Disabled Workers Act on the employment of disabled people. By enabling firms to abide by the legal employment obligation without hiring any disabled workers, this measure has probably had a counterproductive impact on the employment of disabled people. Nevertheless, this negative effect is restricted to the private sector; we find that the public sector shelters the disabled workers.
Type de document :
Pré-publication, Document de travail
2016
Liste complète des métadonnées

Littérature citée [17 références]  Voir  Masquer  Télécharger

https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01292132
Contributeur : Yannick L'Horty <>
Soumis le : mardi 22 mars 2016 - 15:45:48
Dernière modification le : vendredi 17 août 2018 - 14:38:02
Document(s) archivé(s) le : lundi 14 novembre 2016 - 01:42:06

Fichier

16-1.pdf
Fichiers produits par l'(les) auteur(s)

Identifiants

  • HAL Id : hal-01292132, version 1

Citation

Thomas Barnay, Emmanuel Duguet, Christine Le Clainche, Yann Videau. An evaluation of the 1987 French Disabled Workers Act: Better paying than hiring. 2016. 〈hal-01292132〉

Partager

Métriques

Consultations de la notice

147

Téléchargements de fichiers

469