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Abstract : The figure of the satyr or the silenus emerges from the two Socratic Symposia that we have. This symbolism that enlivens the whole speech of Alcibiades can be seen in Xenophon’s version. In the Platonic Symposium, with some irony, Socrates assimilates the speech of Alcibiade to a satyrikon. Xenophon’ Symposium, meanwhile, also appears as a satyric drama. The aside in the IVth chapter about the satyrika testifies to the resemblance between Socrates and the Silenus. Such a recurrence is significant and demands to be taken into consideration. The satyrikon of Xenophon, it seems, consists of presenting the Silenus Socrates as symposiarch of an erotic thiasos, enthroning Callias. In the same way, Plato's choice was to put on stage the unexpected intervention of a drunken Alcibiades, emphasizing the satyrikon in order to enact the coronation of Socrates, at the final moment of the ritual of Eros' Mysteries. The different topics of initiation evoked by Alcibiades (ritual of coronation, hidden figurines, corybantic trances, paraphrase of an orphic verse speaking about secret transmission, etc.) are all heading to this direction. Of course, we wouldn’t underestimate the deep differences between the two parallel versions of the Socratic Symposium. Nevertheless, Plato came to agree with Xenophon (or vice-versa) to compose a kind of philosophical satyrikon, in order to emphasize the character of initiatory rites concerning the Socratic interviews. In the Euthydemus, Plato would also have extended the kind of the Socratic satyrikon to the whole dialogue, with an explicit ceremony of enthronement concerning Cleinias (277d-e).
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Contributor : Jean-Luc PERILLIE Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Thursday, March 17, 2016 - 6:24:02 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, November 3, 2021 - 6:59:41 AM
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Le Satyrikon d'Alcibiade Péri...
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  • HAL Id : hal-01284322, version 2



Jean-Luc Perillie. LE SATYRIKON D'ALCIBIADE ET RITES D'INITIATION DES MYSTÈRES SOCRATIQUES. X Symposium Platonicum The Symposium, Università di Pisa, Dipartimento de Filologia, Letteratura e Linguistica, Jul 2013, Pisa, Italie. p. 200-206. ⟨hal-01284322v2⟩



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