Constraints on modified gravity from Planck 2015: when the health of your theory makes the difference

Abstract : We use the effective field theory of dark energy (EFT of DE) formalism to constrain dark energy models belonging to the Horndeski class with the recent Planck 2015 CMB data. The space of theories is spanned by a certain number of parameters determining the linear cosmological perturbations, while the expansion history is set to that of a standard ΛCDM model. We always demand that the theories be free of fatal instabilities. Additionally, we consider two optional conditions, namely that scalar and tensor perturbations propagate with subliminal speed. Such criteria severely restrict the allowed parameter space and are thus very effective in shaping the posteriors. As a result, we confirm that no theory performs better than ΛCDM when CMB data alone are analysed. Indeed, the healthy dark energy models considered here are not able to reproduce those phenomenological behaviours of the effective Newton constant and gravitational slip parameters that, according to previous studies, best fit the data.
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Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, Institute of Physics (IOP), 2016, 2016 (09), pp.027. 〈10.1088/1475-7516/2016/09/027〉
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Valentina Salvatelli, Federico Piazza, Christian Marinoni. Constraints on modified gravity from Planck 2015: when the health of your theory makes the difference. Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, Institute of Physics (IOP), 2016, 2016 (09), pp.027. 〈10.1088/1475-7516/2016/09/027〉. 〈hal-01280268〉

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