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ATP Synthesis-coupled and -uncoupled Acetate Production from Acetyl-CoA by Mitochondrial Acetate: Succinate CoA-transferase and Acetyl-CoA Thioesterase in Trypanosoma

Abstract : Insect stage trypanosomes use an "acetate shuttle" to transfer mitochondrial acetyl-CoA to the cytosol for the essential fatty acid biosynthesis. The mitochondrial acetate sources are acetate: succinate CoA-transferase (ASCT) and an unknown enzymatic activity. We have identified a gene encoding acetyl-CoA thioesterase (ACH) activity, which is shown to be the second acetate source. First, RNAi-mediated repression of ASCT in the ACH null background abolishes acetate production from glucose, as opposed to both single ASCT and ACH mutants. Second, incorporation of radiolabeled glucose into fatty acids is also abolished in this ACH/ASCT double mutant. ASCT is involved in ATP production, whereas ACH is not, because the ASCT null mutant is similar to 1000 times more sensitive to oligomycin, a specific inhibitor of the mitochondrial F-0/F-1-ATP synthase, than wild-type cells or the ACH null mutant. This was confirmed by RNAi repression of the F-0/F-1-ATP synthase F-1 beta subunit, which is lethal when performed in the ASCT null background but not in the wild-type cells or the ACH null background. We concluded that acetate is produced from both ASCT and ACH; however, only ASCT is responsible, together with the F-0/F-1-ATP synthase, for ATP production in the mitochondrion.
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Yoann Millerioux, Pauline Morand, Marc Biran, Muriel Mazet, Patrick Moreau, et al.. ATP Synthesis-coupled and -uncoupled Acetate Production from Acetyl-CoA by Mitochondrial Acetate: Succinate CoA-transferase and Acetyl-CoA Thioesterase in Trypanosoma. Journal of Biological Chemistry, American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 2012, 287 (21), pp.17186 - 17197. ⟨10.1074/jbc.M112.355404⟩. ⟨hal-01268341⟩

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