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Somatosensory Event-related Potentials from Orofacial Skin Stretch Stimulation

Takayuki Ito 1, 2, * David J Ostry 3, 1 Vincent Gracco 3, 1
* Corresponding author
2 GIPSA-PCMD - GIPSA - Perception, Contrôle, Multimodalité et Dynamiques de la parole
GIPSA-DPC - Département Parole et Cognition, GIPSA-PPC - GIPSA Pôle Parole et Cognition
Abstract : Cortical processing associated with orofacial somatosensory function in speech has received limited experimental attention due to the difficulty of providing precise and controlled stimulation. This article introduces a technique for recording somatosensory event-related potentials (ERP) that uses a novel mechanical stimulation method involving skin deformation using a robotic device. Controlled deformation of the facial skin is used to modulate kinesthetic inputs through excitation of cutaneous mechanoreceptors. By combining somatosensory stimulation with electroencephalographic recording, somatosensory evoked responses can be successfully measured at the level of the cortex. Somatosensory stimulation can be combined with the stimulation of other sensory modalities to assess multisensory interactions. For speech, orofacial stimulation is combined with speech sound stimulation to assess the contribution of multi-sensory processing including the effects of timing differences. The ability to precisely control orofacial somatosensory stimulation during speech perception and speech production with ERP recording is an important tool that provides new insight into the neural organization and neural representations for speech. Video Link The video component of this article can be found at http://www.jove.com/video/53621/
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01247041
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Submitted on : Thursday, December 31, 2015 - 2:43:48 PM
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Takayuki Ito, David J Ostry, Vincent Gracco. Somatosensory Event-related Potentials from Orofacial Skin Stretch Stimulation. Journal of visualized experiments : JoVE, JoVE, 2015, 106, pp.e53621. ⟨10.3791/53621⟩. ⟨hal-01247041⟩

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