Synthesis and surface reactivity of vinylized macroporous silica monoliths: one-pot hybrid versus postsynthesis grafting strategies

Abstract : Different synthesis routes have been implemented to prepare macroporous monoliths with vinyl pendant groups and micrometric skeletons and through-pore sizes. A standard process combining the synthesis of a widely used (methyl-trimethoxysilane/tetramethoxysilane) (MTMS/TMOS) hybrid silica monolith and the postsilanization with vinyltrimethoxysilane (VTMS) was used as reference material (Vgr-MTMS). An alternative "one-pot" procedure was used to obtain vinylized hybrid monoliths. Two VTMS/TMOS hybrid based monoliths were successfully prepared starting from 20% (w) and 80% (w/w) of VTMS, respectively, called 20-VTMS and 80-VTMS. Monoliths were characterized by SEM, nitrogen-adsorption isotherm, and Si-29 MAS NMR spectroscopy. One-pot synthesis allowed to obtain higher vinyl contents (15.9 and 61.5 mol % of Si atoms bonded to vinyl groups respectively for 20-VTMS and 80-VTMS) than for the postgrafted one (7.1%). Accessibility of vinyl groups was determined by the extent of bromination reactions followed by FTIR-ATR spectroscopy. Bromination with reaction yields were higher than 80% for all materials (80%, 85%, and 100% for 80-VTMS, 20-VTMS, and Vgr-MTMS respectively), with no diffusion issues The chemical reactivity of the pendant vinyl groups was investigated through radical-mediated thiol-ene reaction and radical-initiated bisulfite addition. Reaction yields for the two VTMS hybrid monoliths were quite lower (4-6%) than those obtained (about 50%) for the Vgr-MTMS monolith. The difference in reactivity was attributed to the steric hindrance of the vinyl moieties at the surface of hybrid materials. However, the lower reactivity of vinyl groups is compensated by their considerably higher surface density. Thus, hybrid monoliths are advantageous over their grafted counterparts, due to their higher hydrolytic stability and to the greater simplicity of the one-pot process. A chromatographic application exemplifies their interest and performances in separation science.
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Submitted on : Thursday, November 26, 2015 - 3:17:28 PM
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Racha El Debs, Franck Cadoux, Laurence Bois, Anne Bonhommé, Jérôme Randon, et al.. Synthesis and surface reactivity of vinylized macroporous silica monoliths: one-pot hybrid versus postsynthesis grafting strategies. Langmuir, American Chemical Society, 2015, 31 (42), pp.11649-11658. 〈10.1021/acs.langmuir.5b02681〉. 〈hal-01234268〉

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