Determination of total creatine kinase activity in blood serum using an amperometric biosensor based on glucose oxidase and hexokinase

Abstract : Creatine kinase (CK: adenosine-5-triphosphate-creatine phosphotransferase) is an important enzyme of muscle cells; the presence of a large amount of the enzyme in blood serum is a biomarker of muscular injuries, such as acute myocardial infarction. This work describes a bi-enzyme (glucose oxidase and hexokinase based) biosensor for rapid and convenient determination of CK activity by measuring the rate of ATP production by this enzyme. Simultaneously the biosensor determines glucose concentration in the sample. Platinum disk electrodes were used as amperometric transducers. Glucose oxidase and hexokinase were co-immobilized via cross-linking with BSA by glutaraldehyde and served as a biorecognition element of the biosensor. The biosensor work at different concentrations of CK substrates (ADP and creatine phosphate) was investigated; optimal concentration of ADP was 1 mM, and creatine phosphate - 10 mM. The reproducibility of the biosensor responses to glucose, ATP and CK during a day was tested (relative standard deviation of 15 responses to glucose was 2%, to ATP - 6%, to CM - 7-18% depending on concentration of the CK). Total time of CM analysis was 10 min. The measurements of creatine kinase in blood serum samples were carried out (at 20-fold sample dilution). Twentyfold dilution of serum samples was chosen as optimal for CM determination. The biosensor could distinguish healthy and ill people and evaluate the level of CM increase. Thus, the biosensor can be used as a test-system for CM analysis in blood serum or serve as a component of multibiosensors for determination of important blood substances. Determination of activity of other kinases by the developed biosensor is also possible for research purposes
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Submitted on : Thursday, November 26, 2015 - 2:29:18 PM
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Ivan S Kucherenko, Oleksandr O Soldatkin, Florence Lagarde, Nicole Jaffrezic-Renault, S. V. Dzyadevych, et al.. Determination of total creatine kinase activity in blood serum using an amperometric biosensor based on glucose oxidase and hexokinase. Talanta, Elsevier, 2015, 144, pp.604-611. 〈10.1016/j.talanta.2015.06.079〉. 〈hal-01234221〉

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