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Macroscopic rate equation modeling of trapping/detrapping of hydrogen isotopes in tungsten materials

Abstract : Code development to solve numerically the model equations of diffusion and trapping of hydrogen in metals. Parametrization of the model trapping parameters (detrapping energies and density): fitting of experimental TDS spectrum. Confrontation model/experiment: evolution of retention with fluence and implantation temperature. Investigation of period of rest between implantation and TDS on retention and depth profile. a b s t r a c t Relevant parameters for trapping of Hydrogen Isotopes (HIs) in polycrystalline tungsten are determined with the MHIMS code (Migration of Hydrogen Isotopes in MaterialS) which is used to reproduce Thermal Desorption Spectrometry experiments. Three types of traps are found: two intrinsic traps (detrapping energy of 0.87 eV and 1.00 eV) and one extrinsic trap created by ion irradiation (detrapping energy of 1.50 eV). Then MHIMS is used to simulate HIs retention at different fluences and different implantation temperatures. Simulation results agree well with experimental data. It is shown that at 300 K the retention is limited by diffusion in the bulk. For implantation temperatures above 500 K, the retention is limited by trap creation processes. Above 600 K, the retention drops by two orders of magnitude as compared to the retention at 300 K. With the determined detrapping energies, HIs outgassing at room temperature is predicted. After ions implantation at 300 K, 45% of the initial retention is lost to vacuum in 300 000 s while during this time the remaining trapped HIs diffuse twice as deep into the bulk.
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E.A. Hodille, X Bonnin, Régis Bisson, T Angot, Charlotte Becquart, et al.. Macroscopic rate equation modeling of trapping/detrapping of hydrogen isotopes in tungsten materials. Journal of Nuclear Materials, 2015, theme issue “Models and Data for Plasma-Material Interaction in Fusion Devices“, 467 (1), pp.424. ⟨10.1016/j.jnucmat.2015.06.041⟩. ⟨hal-01230501⟩

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