Terrestrial planet formation constrained by Mars and the structure of the asteroid belt

A. Izidoro 1 Sean N. Raymond 1 Alessandro Morbidelli Othon C. Winter
1 ECLIPSE 2015
LAB - Laboratoire d'Astrophysique de Bordeaux [Pessac]
Abstract : Reproducing the large Earth/Mars mass ratio requires a strong mass depletion in solids within the protoplanetary disc between 1 and 3 au. The Grand Tack model invokes a specific migration history of the giant planets to remove most of the mass initially beyond 1 au and to dynamically excite the asteroid belt. However, one could also invoke a steep density gradient created by inward drift and pile-up of small particles induced by gas drag, as has been proposed to explain the formation of close-in super-Earths. Here we show that the asteroid belt's orbital excitation provides a crucial constraint against this scenario for the Solar system. We performed a series of simulations of terrestrial planet formation and asteroid belt evolution starting from discs of planetesimals and planetary embryos with various radial density gradients and including Jupiter and Saturn on nearly circular and coplanar orbits. Discs with shallow density gradients reproduce the dynamical excitation of the asteroid belt by gravitational self-stirring but form Mars analogues significantly more massive than the real planet. In contrast, a disc with a surface density gradient proportional to r-5.5 reproduces the Earth/Mars mass ratio but leaves the asteroid belt in a dynamical state that is far colder than the real belt. We conclude that no disc profile can simultaneously explain the structure of the terrestrial planets and asteroid belt. The asteroid belt must have been depleted and dynamically excited by a different mechanism such as, for instance, in the Grand Tack scenario.
Type de document :
Article dans une revue
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Oxford University Press (OUP): Policy P - Oxford Open Option A, 2015, 453 (4), pp.3619-3634. <10.1093/mnras/stv1835>
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Contributeur : Marie-Paule Pomies <>
Soumis le : mardi 15 septembre 2015 - 09:33:47
Dernière modification le : mercredi 16 septembre 2015 - 01:03:40

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A. Izidoro, Sean N. Raymond, Alessandro Morbidelli, Othon C. Winter. Terrestrial planet formation constrained by Mars and the structure of the asteroid belt. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Oxford University Press (OUP): Policy P - Oxford Open Option A, 2015, 453 (4), pp.3619-3634. <10.1093/mnras/stv1835>. <hal-01199176>

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