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Bubbles breaking the wall: Two-dimensional stress and stability analysis

Abstract : Submerged granular material exhibits a wide range of behavior when the saturating fluid is slowly displaced by a gas phase. In confined systems, the moving interface between the invading gas and the fluid/grain mixture can cause beads to jam, and induce intermittency in the dynamics. Here, we study the stability of layers of saturated jammed beads around stuck air bubbles, and the deformation mechanism leading to air channel formations in these layers. We describe a two-dimensional extension of a previous model of the effective stress in the jammed packing. The effect of the tangential stress component on the yield stress is discussed, in particular how arching effects may impact the yield threshold. We further develop a linear stability analysis, to study undulations which develop under certain experimental conditions at the air-liquid interface. The linear analysis gives estimates for the most unstable wavelengths for the initial growth of the perturbations. The estimates correspond well with peak to peak length measurements of the experimentally observed undulations.
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Contributor : Renaud Toussaint <>
Submitted on : Sunday, September 13, 2015 - 4:39:22 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, June 9, 2021 - 3:26:02 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Tuesday, December 29, 2015 - 1:04:49 AM

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Jon Alm Eriksen, Benjy Marks, Bjørnar Sandnes, Renaud Toussaint. Bubbles breaking the wall: Two-dimensional stress and stability analysis. Physical Review E : Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics, American Physical Society, 2015, 91, pp.052204. ⟨10.1103/PhysRevE.91.052204⟩. ⟨hal-01198491⟩

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