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Electrokinetic and ionic dyes adsorption studies of Moroccan stevensite Jbel Rhassoul clay

Abstract : This study aims at establishing correlation between the nature of electrical charge of morocan stevensite Jbel Rhassoul clay particles and ionic dyes adsorption phenomenon. The electrical charges of the clay mineral particles were assessed by measuring zeta potential (z) using micro electrophoresis technique. Measurements were carried out onto aqueous clay dispersions by varying the pH in the range 2.5 – 12 with additions of HCl or NaOH. On the whole, the electrical charges of stevensite particles remain negative in the whole pH range. Nevertheless, depending on the pH values, two behaviours were observed. For pH ranging from 2 to around 8, the negative electrical charge remains constant (z = - 20 mV) and corresponds to permanent charges of basal surfaces formed of –O-Si-O- groups insensitive to pH variation. Beyond pH = 8, the electrical charge increases (z = - 35 mV) as a result of deprotonation of silanol edge groups. Ionic dyes adsorption experiments show that anionic orange G adsorption is negligible whereas that of cationic methylene blue is greater due to columbic interactions. In accordance with eletrokinetic measurements, the methylene blue adsorption capacity onto stevensite particles significantly increases beyond pH » 8 due to the increase of the whole electrical charge of stevensite particles evolved by silanol edge sites deprotonation.
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  • HAL Id : hal-01174018, version 1
  • OATAO : 14124

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Lahcen Bouna, Benaïssa Rhouta, M'Barek Amjoud, Amane Jada, Francis Maury, et al.. Electrokinetic and ionic dyes adsorption studies of Moroccan stevensite Jbel Rhassoul clay. Journal of optoelectronics and advanced materials - Symposia, 2011, vol. 3 (n° 3), pp. 107-109. ⟨hal-01174018⟩

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