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Diffusion and segregation of niobium in fcc-nickel

Abstract : Niobium is one of the major alloying elements, among the refractory elements, contributing to the strengthening of superalloys. Consequently, data about its behavior and its migration mechanism in fcc-Ni are essential knowledge to understand and control the strengthening in such alloys. We present in this work Nb interactions, solubility and diffusion in Ni performed by using the GGA approximation of the density functional theory. The substituted site is found to be the most favorable configuration in comparison to the tetrahedral and octahedral sites. The effect of temperature on solubility is discussed taking into account the thermal expansion of the lattice parameter and the vibrational contribution. Its diffusion mechanism is also discussed and compared to the literature. We finally discuss the segregation of Nb atoms on a 65-(012) symmetric tilt grain boundary.
Keywords : DFT Fcc Nickel Diffusion
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Damien Connétable, Benoît Ter-Ovanessian, Eric Andrieu. Diffusion and segregation of niobium in fcc-nickel. Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, IOP Publishing, 2012, vol. 24 (n° 9), pp. 1-5. ⟨10.1088/0953-8984/24/9/095010⟩. ⟨hal-01170517⟩

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