Mechanical properties and tribological behavior of a silica or/and alumina coating prepared by sol-gel route on stainless steel

Abstract : The increasing importance of developments in the mechanical industry requires a constant evolution of skills, particularly in the area of functionalization and protection of metallic alloy surfaces. The wear of materials is one of the causes of loss of profitability. This study aims to develop solutions to extend the lifetime of stainless steel 304 L. In this work, we have achieved to optimize protective coatings on stainless steel against wear, using sol-gel method associated with dip-coating technique. Three routes have been proposed to achieve this type of coating, a single sol precursor of silica or alumina and a mixture of sols precursors of both oxides. The results of tribological tests show that silica coating does not provide a performance gain towards the stainless steel protection. Alumina coating even as thin film is very efficient to resist against wear. Wear track widths on the sample is reduced by a factor 2, and the wear volume of the counterface is decreased by a factor 30, corresponding to a total wear volume reduction of a factor 7. The combination of both oxides seems to be a very promising way for such kind of application. With silica/alumina coating, we have obtained a reduction ofwidths wear track of a factor 1.5 and a decrease of friction coefficient as compared to alumina coating.
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Alexis Marsal, Florence Ansart, Viviane Turq, Jean-Pierre Bonino, Jean-Michel Sobrino, et al.. Mechanical properties and tribological behavior of a silica or/and alumina coating prepared by sol-gel route on stainless steel. Surface and Coatings Technology, Elsevier, 2013, vol. 237, pp. 234-240. ⟨10.1016/j.surfcoat.2013.06.037⟩. ⟨hal-01169755⟩

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