Segmentation and Classification of 3D Urban Point Clouds: Comparison and Combination of Two Approaches

Abstract : Segmentation and classification of 3D urban point clouds is a complex task, making it very difficult for any single method to overcome all the diverse challenges offered. This sometimes requires the combination of several techniques to obtain the desired results for different applications. This work presents and compares two different approaches for segmenting and classifying 3D urban point clouds. In the first approach, detection, segmentation and classification of urban objects from 3D point clouds, converted into elevation images, are performed by using mathematical morphology. First, the ground is segmented and objects are detected as discontinuities on the ground. Then, connected objects are segmented using a watershed approach. Finally, objects are classified using SVM (Support Vector Machine) with geometrical and contextual features. The second method employs a super-voxel based approach in which the 3D urban point cloud is first segmented into voxels and then converted into super-voxels. These are then clustered together using an efficient link-chain method to form objects. These segmented objects are then classified using local descriptors and geometrical features into basic object classes. Evaluated on a common dataset (real data), both these methods are thoroughly compared on three different levels: detection, segmentation and classification. After analyses, simple strategies are also presented to combine the two methods, exploiting their complementary strengths and weaknesses, to improve the overall segmentation and classification results.
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Communication dans un congrès
10th Conference on Field and Service Robotics, Jun 2015, Toronto, Canada. 2015
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01168002
Contributeur : Beatriz Marcotegui <>
Soumis le : jeudi 25 juin 2015 - 10:37:04
Dernière modification le : mardi 12 septembre 2017 - 11:41:06
Document(s) archivé(s) le : vendredi 9 octobre 2015 - 17:24:59

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  • HAL Id : hal-01168002, version 1

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Ahmad Kamal Aijazi, Andrés Serna, Beatriz Marcotegui, Paul Checchin, L. Trassoudaine. Segmentation and Classification of 3D Urban Point Clouds: Comparison and Combination of Two Approaches. 10th Conference on Field and Service Robotics, Jun 2015, Toronto, Canada. 2015. <hal-01168002>

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