Climbing the cosmic ladder with stellar twins

P., Jofre T., Maedler G., Gilmore A., Casey C. Soubiran 1 C., Worley
1 M2A 2015
LAB - Laboratoire d'Astrophysique de Bordeaux [Pessac]
Abstract : Distances to stars are key to revealing a three-dimensional view of the Milky Way, yet their determination is a major challenge in astronomy. Whilst the brightest nearby stars benefit from direct parallax measurements, fainter stars are subject of indirect determinations with uncertainties exceeding 30%. We present an alternative approach to measuring distances using spectroscopically-identified twin stars. Given a star with known parallax, the distance to its twin is assumed to be directly related to the difference in their apparent magnitudes. We found 175 twin pairs from the ESO public HARPS archives and report excellent agreement with Hipparcos parallaxes within 7.5%. Most importantly, the accuracy of our results does not degrade with increasing stellar distance. With the ongoing collection of high-resolution stellar spectra, our method is well-suited to complement Gaia.
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Submitted on : Monday, June 1, 2015 - 7:45:33 AM
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P., Jofre, T., Maedler, G., Gilmore, A., Casey, C. Soubiran, et al.. Climbing the cosmic ladder with stellar twins. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Oxford University Press (OUP): Policy P - Oxford Open Option A, 2015, 453 (2), pp.1428-1438. ⟨10.1093/mnras/stv1724⟩. ⟨hal-01158389⟩



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