Diversity of quorum sensing autoinducer synthases in the Global Ocean Sampling metagenomic database

Abstract : Quorum sensing (QS) is a cell-to-cell signalling pathway that allows bacteria to synchronize their genetic expression. It is mediated by autoinducers (AI), including (1) acyl-homoserine lactones (AHLs or AI-1), produced by Proteobacteria using AinS, LuxI and HdtS synthase families and (2) furanosyl-diester-borate (FDB or AI-2), produced by a large range of phylogenetically diverse bacteria and synthetized by the LuxS family. Few data have been collected about the presence and importance of QS in marine waters using culture independent methods. In this study, we examined the presence and the diversity of AI-1 and AI-2 synthases in the Global Ocean Sampling (GOS), a large metagenomic database, covering 68 stations across 3 oceans. We built 4 reference protein databases with maximal phylogenetic coverage containing all known AI synthase sequences to retrieve AI synthases sequences from the GOS metagenomes. We retrieved 29 environmental sequences affiliated to LuxI (synthesizing AI-1), 653 related to HdtS (AI-1), 31 related to LuxS (AI-2) and only one for AinS (AI-1). AI synthases sequences were found in the 3 oceans covered by the GOS cruise and spanned a large phylogenetic diversity. These data revealed a large number of new marine AI sequences, suggesting that QS based on AI-1 diffusion is a widespread mechanism in the marine environment
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01141144
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Submitted on : Friday, April 10, 2015 - 3:45:42 PM
Last modification on : Friday, May 24, 2019 - 5:03:19 PM

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Margot Doberva, Sophie Sanchez-Ferandin, Eve Toulza, Philippe Lebaron, Raphaël Lami. Diversity of quorum sensing autoinducer synthases in the Global Ocean Sampling metagenomic database. Aquatic Microbial Ecology, Inter Research, 2015, 74 (2), pp.107-119. ⟨10.3354/ame01734⟩. ⟨hal-01141144⟩

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