Unravelling quantum jumps by watching the fluorescence of a qubit

Philippe Campagne-Ibarcq 1 Pierre Six 2 Sébastien Jezouin 1 Landry Bretheau 1 Nathanaël Cottet 1 Alain Sarlette 3 Mazyar Mirrahimi 3 Pierre Rouchon 2 Benjamin Huard 1
1 Electronique Quantique
LPA - Laboratoire Pierre Aigrain
3 QUANTIC - QUANTum Information Circuits
ENS Paris - École normale supérieure - Paris, Inria Paris-Rocquencourt, UPMC - Université Pierre et Marie Curie - Paris 6, MINES ParisTech - École nationale supérieure des mines de Paris, CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique : UMR8551
Abstract : When the main source of qubit relaxation comes from its coupling to a photonic channel, each relaxation event is associated with the release of a photon. The corresponding discrete quantum jumps of the qubit state can be observed by counting the number of photons emitted by fluorescence. This discreteness of the quantum jumps is in fact related to the nature of the light detector. What does the evolution of the qubit state become if fluorescence is measured using a heterodyne detector instead? In this talk, an experiment will be discussed, in which the records of heterodyne measurements of fluorescence is used to reconstruct the quantum trajectories of a qubit during relaxation. Using a large number of experiments, it is shown that these trajectories can be used to better predict the probability to find given measurement outcomes during the evolution. This heterodyne measurement of the fluorescence is a quantum demolition continuous measurement, which is very different from the more common dispersive measurement sensitive to qubit occupation. These trajectories are thus expected to exhibit some exotic properties, particularly when using past and future knowledge. Besides, using measurement based feedback based on the fluorescence signal alone, it is possible to stabilize any chosen qubit state. This work thus demonstrates that relaxation into an efficiently monitored channel is not a limit for quantum information protocols but can instead be a resource.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01126993
Contributor : Benjamin Huard <>
Submitted on : Friday, March 6, 2015 - 11:23:04 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, May 15, 2019 - 3:35:34 AM

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  • HAL Id : hal-01126993, version 1

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Philippe Campagne-Ibarcq, Pierre Six, Sébastien Jezouin, Landry Bretheau, Nathanaël Cottet, et al.. Unravelling quantum jumps by watching the fluorescence of a qubit. APS March meeting 2015, Mar 2015, San Antonio, Texas, United States. ⟨hal-01126993⟩

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