Islands in graphs on surfaces

Louis Esperet 1 Pascal Ochem 2
1 G-SCOP_OC - OC
G-SCOP - Laboratoire des sciences pour la conception, l'optimisation et la production
2 ALGCO - Algorithmes, Graphes et Combinatoire
LIRMM - Laboratoire d'Informatique de Robotique et de Microélectronique de Montpellier
Abstract : An island in a graph is a set $X$ of vertices such that each element of $X$ has few neighbors outside $X$. In this paper, we prove several bounds on the size of islands in large graphs embeddable on fixed surfaces. As direct consequences of our results, we obtain the following: (1) Every graph of genus $g$ can be colored from lists of size 5, in such a way that each monochromatic component has size $O(g)$. Moreover, all but $O(g)$ vertices lie in monochromatic components of size at most 3. (2) Every triangle-free graph of genus $g$ can be colored from lists of size 3, in such a way that each monochromatic component has size $O(g)$. Moreover, all but $O(g)$ vertices lie in monochromatic components of size at most 10. (3) Every graph of girth at least 6 and genus $g$ can be colored from lists of size 2, in such a way that each monochromatic component has size $O(g)$. Moreover, all but $O(g)$ vertices lie in monochromatic components of size at most 16. While (2) is optimal up to the size of the components, we conjecture that the size of the lists can be decreased to 4 in (1), and the girth can be decreased to 5 in (3). We also study the complexity of minimizing the size of monochromatic components in 2-colorings of planar graphs.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01119804
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Submitted on : Tuesday, February 24, 2015 - 10:00:51 AM
Last modification on : Friday, April 19, 2019 - 11:12:03 AM

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Louis Esperet, Pascal Ochem. Islands in graphs on surfaces. Siam Journal on Discrete Mathematics, Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics, 2016, 30 (1), pp.206-219. ⟨10.1137/140957883⟩. ⟨hal-01119804⟩

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