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Brittle and ductile removal modes observed during diamond turning of carbon nanotube composites

Abstract : Ultraprecision diamond turning was used to evaluate the surface integrity of a carbon nanotube (CNT) composite as a function of the cutting conditions and the percentage of CNT in the epoxy matrix. The effects of cutting conditions on the chip morphology and surface roughness were analysed. The results showed that an increase in the percentage of CNT may influence the mechanism of material removal and consequently improve the quality of the machined surface. When smaller quantities of CNT (0.02 and 0.07 wt %) are present in the matrix, microcracks form within the cutting grooves (perpendicular to the cutting direction). This indicates that the amount of CNT on the epoxy matrix may have a direct influence on the mechanical properties of these materials. Chips removed from the CNT composite samples were analysed by scanning electron microscopy in order to correlate the material removal mechanism and the surface generation process. The area average surface roughness Sa was influenced by the material removal mechanism (Sa ranging from 0.28 to 1.1 μm).
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Renato Goulart Jasinevicius, Marcello B. R. Andreeta, João S. Fossa, Antônio Carlos Hernandez-Rodriguez, Jaime G. Duduch, et al.. Brittle and ductile removal modes observed during diamond turning of carbon nanotube composites. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part B: Journal of Engineering Manufacture, SAGE Publications, 2009, vol. 223 (n° 1), pp. 1-8. ⟨10.1243/09544054JEM1257⟩. ⟨hal-01110531⟩



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