Link between interplanetary & cometary dust: Polarimetric observations and space studies with Rosetta & Eye-Sat

Abstract : Intensity and linear polarization observations of the solar light scattered by interplanetary dust, the so-called zodiacal light, provide information on properties of the dust particles, such as their spatial density, local changes, morphology and albedo. Earth-based polarimetric observations, with a resolution of 5° or more, have been used to derive the polarization phase curve of interplanetary dust particles and to establish that the polarization at 90° phase angle increases with increasing solar distance, at least up to 1.5 au in the ecliptic, while the albedo decreases [1, 2]. Analysis of such studies will be revisited. Numerical simulations of the polarimetric behavior of interplanetary dust particles strongly suggest that, in the inner solar system, interplanetary dust particles consist of absorbing (e.g., organic compounds) and less absorbing (e.g., silicates) materials, that radial changes originate in a decrease of organics with decreasing solar distance (probably due to alteration processes), and that a significant fraction of the interplanetary dust is of cometary origin, in agreement with dynamical studies [3, 4]. The polarimetric behaviors of interplanetary dust and cometary dust particles seem to present striking similarities. The properties of cometary dust particles, as derived from remote polarimetric observations of comets including 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko, the target of the Rosetta rendezvous mission, at various wavelengths, will be summarized [5, 6]. The ground truth expected from Rosetta dust experiments, i.e., MIDAS, COSIMA, GIADA, about dust particles’ morphology, composition, and evolution (with distance to the nucleus before Philae release and with distance to the Sun before and after perihelion passage) over the year and a half of nominal mission, will be discussed. Finally, the Eye-Sat nanosatellite will be presented. This triple cubesat, developed by students from engineering schools working as interns at CNES, is to be launched in 2016 [7]. Its main purpose is to study the zodiacal light intensity and polarization from a Sun-synchronous orbit, for the first time at the high spatial resolution of 1° over a wide portion of the sky and at four different wavelengths (in the visible and near-IR domains). The instrumental choices and new on-board technologies will be summarized, together with the results that may be expected on local properties of the interplanetary dust particles and thus on their similarities and differences with cometary dust particles. Support from CNES is warmly acknowledged. [1] Leinert, C., Bowyer, S., Haikala, L.K., et al. The 1997 reference of diffuse night sky brightness, Astron. Astrophys. Supp., 127, 1-99, 1998. [2] Levasseur-Regourd, A.C., Mann, I., Dumont, R., et al. Optical and thermal properties of interplanetary dust. In Interplanetary dust (Grün, E. et al. Eds), 57-94, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2001. [3] Lasue, J., Levasseur-Regourd, A.C., Fray, N., et al. Inferring the interplanetary dust properties from remote observations and simulations, Astron. Astrophys., 473, 641-649, 2007. [4] Nesvorny, D., Jenniskens, P., Levison, H.F., et al. Cometary origin of the zodiacal cloud and carbonaceous micrometeorites: implications for hot debris disks. Astrophys. J. 713, 816-836, 2010. [5] Levasseur-Regourd, A.C., Mukai, T., Lasue, J., et al. Physical properties of cometary and interplanetary dust, Planet. Space Sci., 55, 1010-1020, 2007. [6] Hadamcik, E., Sen, A.K., Levasseur-Regourd, A.C., et al., Astron. Astrophys., 517, A86, 2010. [7] CNES internal report. Eye-Sat end of phase A internal review, EYESAT-PR-0-022-CNES, 2013.
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Submitted on : Thursday, November 27, 2014 - 5:17:25 PM
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Anny Chantal Levasseur-Regourd, Alain Gaboriaud, Christian Buil, Antoine Ressouche, Jérémie Lasue, et al.. Link between interplanetary & cometary dust: Polarimetric observations and space studies with Rosetta & Eye-Sat. 40th COSPAR Scientific Assembly, Aug 2014, Moscw, Russia. pp.Abstract B0.5-1-14. ⟨hal-01088277⟩

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