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Sorption of selected pesticides on soils, sediment and straw from a constructed agricultural drainage ditch or pond

Abstract : Buffer zones such as ponds and ditches are used to reduce field-scale losses of pesticides from subsurface drainage waters to surface waters. The objective of this study was to assess the efficiency of these buffer zones, in particular constructed wetlands, focusing specifically on sorption processes. We modelled the sorption processes of three herbicides [2-methyl-4-chlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-MCPA), isoproturon and napropamide] and three fungicides (boscalid, prochloraz and tebuconazole) on four substrates (two soils, sediment and straw) commonly found in a pond and ditch in Lorraine (France). A wide range of Freundlich coefficient (K (fads)) values was obtained, from 0.74 to 442.63 mg(1 -aEuro parts per thousand n) L (n) kg(-1), and the corresponding K (foc) values ranged from 56 to 3,725 mg(1 -aEuro parts per thousand n) L (n) kg(-1). Based on potential retention, the substrates may be classified as straw >> sediments > soils. These results show the importance of organic carbon content and nature in the process of sorption. Similarly, the studied pesticides could be classified according to their adsorption capacity as follows: prochloraz >> tebuconazole-boscalid > napropamide >> MCPA-isoproturon. This classification is strongly influenced by the physico-chemical properties of pesticides, especially solubility and K (oc). Straw exhibited the largest quantity of non-desorbable pesticide residues, from 12.1 to 224.2 mg/L for all pesticides. The presence of plants could increase soil-sediment sorption capacity. Thus, establishment and maintenance of plants and straw filters should be promoted to optimise sorption processes and the efficiency of ponds and ditches in reducing surface water pollution.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01077492
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Submitted on : Friday, October 24, 2014 - 6:35:27 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, October 16, 2021 - 11:24:09 AM

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Romain Vallee, Sylvie Dousset, David Billet, Marc Benoît. Sorption of selected pesticides on soils, sediment and straw from a constructed agricultural drainage ditch or pond. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, Springer Verlag, 2014, 21 (7), pp.4895-4905. ⟨10.1007/s11356-013-1840-5⟩. ⟨hal-01077492⟩

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