Numerical modeling of zero-offset laboratory data in a strong topographic environment : Results for a spectral-element method and a discretized Kirchhoff integral method

Abstract : Accurate simulation of seismic wave propagation in complex geological structures is of particular interest nowadays. However conventional methods may fail to simulate realistic wavefields in environments with great and rapid structural changes, due for instance to the presence of shadow zones, diffractions and/or edge effects. Different methods, developed to improve seismic modeling, are typically tested on synthetic configurations against analytical solutions for simple canonical problems or reference methods, or via direct comparison with real data acquired in situ. Such approaches have limitations, especially if the propagation occurs in a complex environment with strong-contrast reflectors and surface irregularities, as it can be difficult to determine the method which gives the best approximation of the ''real'' solution, or to interpret the results obtained without an a priori knowledge of the geologic environment. An alternative approach for seismics consists in comparing the synthetic data with high-quality data collected in laboratory experiments under controlled conditions for a known configuration. In contrast with numerical experiments, laboratory data possess many of the characteristics of field data, as real waves propagate through models with no numerical approximations. We thus present a comparison of laboratory-scaled measurements of 3D zero-offset wave reflection of broadband pulses from a strong topographic environment immersed in a water tank with numerical data simulated by means of a spectral-element method and a discretized Kirchhoff integral method. The results indicate a good quantitative fit in terms of time arrivals and acceptable fit in amplitudes for all datasets.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01055568
Contributeur : Nathalie Favretto-Cristini <>
Soumis le : mercredi 13 août 2014 - 09:51:19
Dernière modification le : mardi 10 mai 2016 - 22:07:30

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  • HAL Id : hal-01055568, version 1

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Nathalie Favretto-Cristini, Anastasiya Tantsereva, Paul Cristini, Bjorn Ursin, Dimitri Komatitsch, et al.. Numerical modeling of zero-offset laboratory data in a strong topographic environment : Results for a spectral-element method and a discretized Kirchhoff integral method. Earthquake Science, 2014, 27 (4), pp.391-399. 〈hal-01055568〉

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