Water level dynamics of Amazon wetlands at the watershed scale by satellite altimetry

J. S. da Silva Frédérique Seyler S. Calmant 1 O. C. Rotunno Emmanuel Roux A. A. M. Araujo J. L. Guyot
LEGOS - Laboratoire d'études en Géophysique et océanographie spatiales
Abstract : In this study we used satellite altimetry to characterize the time and space variations in water stored in or circulating through rivers, floodplains, wetlands and lakes in the major sub-basins of the Amazon basin. Using a specific methodology to rigorously select original three-dimensional (3D) data from an Environmental Satellite (ENVISAT) mission, water level time series were calculated at the crossing path of the satellite tracks with the water bodies. We took advantage of the continuous sampling of the water level along the satellite track segments that cross the watershed to analyse both spatial and temporal relationships between: (i) the river and its floodplain and (ii) different basins. This work evidences in particular the existence of water leaking between the Negro and Solimoes basins at the high water stage. It highlights that the phenomenon of a secondary flood peak occurring in the water level series in the Solimoes basin at rising water, known as repiquete, is caused by the rain equatorial regime of the northern upstream tributaries of the Solimoes River, but is disconnected from the same phenomenon occurring within the Rio Negro basin.
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J. S. da Silva, Frédérique Seyler, S. Calmant, O. C. Rotunno, Emmanuel Roux, et al.. Water level dynamics of Amazon wetlands at the watershed scale by satellite altimetry. International Journal of Remote Sensing, Taylor & Francis, 2012, 33 (11), pp.3323-3353. ⟨10.1080/01431161.2010.531914⟩. ⟨hal-00990992⟩



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