Regime change thresholds in flute-like instruments: influence of the mouth pressure dynamics

Soizic Terrien 1 Rémi Blandin 1 Christophe Vergez 1 Benoît Fabre 2
1 Sons
LMA - Laboratoire de Mécanique et d'Acoustique [Marseille] : UPR7051
Abstract : Since they correspond to a jump from a given note to another one, the mouth pressure thresholds leading to regime changes are particularly important quantities in flute-like instruments. In this paper, a comparison of such thresholds between an artificial mouth, an experienced flutist and a non player is provided. It highlights the ability of the experienced player to considerabily shift regime change thresholds, and thus to enlarge its control in terms of nuances and spectrum. Based on recent works on other wind instruments and on the theory of dynamic bifurcations, the hypothe- sis is tested experimentally and numerically that the dynamics of the blowing pressure influences regime change thresholds. The results highlight the strong influence of this parameter on thresholds, suggesting its wide use by experienced musicians. Starting from these observations and from an analysis of a physical model of flute-like instruments, involving numerical continuation methods and Floquet stability analysis, a phenomenological modelling of regime change is proposed and validated. It allows to predict the regime change thresholds in the dynamic case, in which time variations of the blowing pressure are taken into account.
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Soizic Terrien, Rémi Blandin, Christophe Vergez, Benoît Fabre. Regime change thresholds in flute-like instruments: influence of the mouth pressure dynamics. Acta Acustica united with Acustica, Hirzel Verlag, 2015, pp.300-316. ⟨10.3813/AAA.918828⟩. ⟨hal-00964988⟩

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