Sampling considerations when analyzing micrometric-sized particles in a liquid jet using laser induced breakdown spectroscopy

Abstract : Pollution of water is a matter of concern all over the earth. Particles are known to play an important role in the transportation of pollutants in this medium. In addition, the emergence of new materials such as NOAA (Nano-Objects, their Aggregates and their Agglomerates) emphasizes the need to develop adapted instruments for their detection. Surveillance of pollutants in particulate form in waste waters in industries involved in nanopartide manufacturing and processing is a telling example of possible applications of such instrumental development. The LIBS (laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy) technique coupled with the liquid jet as sampling mode for suspensions was deemed as a potential candidate for on-line and real time monitoring. With the final aim in view to obtain the best detection limits, the interaction of nanosecond laser pulses with the liquid jet was examined. The evolution of the volume sampled by laser pulses was estimated as a function of the laser energy applying conditional analysis when analyzing a suspension of micrometric-sized particles of borosilicate glass. An estimation of the sampled depth was made. Along with the estimation of the sampled volume, the evolution of the SNR (signal to noise ratio) as a function of the laser energy was investigated as well. Eventually, the laser energy and the corresponding fluence optimizing both the sampling volume and the SNR were determined. The obtained results highlight intrinsic limitations of the liquid jet sampling mode when using 532 nm nanosecond laser pulses with suspensions.
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C. B. Faye, T. Amodeo, E. Fréjafon, Nicole Delépine-Gilon, C. Dutouquet. Sampling considerations when analyzing micrometric-sized particles in a liquid jet using laser induced breakdown spectroscopy. Spectrochimica Acta Part B: Atomic Spectroscopy, Elsevier, 2014, 91, pp.5-11. ⟨10.1016/j.sab.2013.10.009⟩. ⟨hal-00954547⟩

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