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Effects of pretreated domestic wastewater supplies on leaf pigment content, photosynthesis rate and growth of mangrove trees: A field study from Mayotte Island, SW Indian Ocean

Abstract : After 12 and 18 months of daily wastewater discharge into mangrove plots in Mayotte Island, SW Indian Ocean, leaf pigment content, photosynthesis rate and growth of Rhizophora mucronata and Ceriops tagal mangrove trees were evaluated and compared with similar individuals from control plots. Chlorophyll and carotenoid contents, measured using an HPLC analyser, were significantly higher in leaves of mangrove trees receiving wastewater discharges. Photosynthesis and transpiration rates, analysed using an LCi portable system, increased significantly for mangrove trees in impacted plots. Measurements of leaf areas, young branch length and propagule length showed significant increases in plots receiving wastewater. These results suggest a beneficial effect of domestic wastewater on R. mucronata and C. tagal mangrove tree functioning. Analyses and observations on mangrove ecosystems as a whole - taking into account water and sediment compartments, crab populations and nitrogen and phosphorus cycles - are nevertheless necessary for evaluation of bioremediation capacities of mangrove ecosystems.
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Mélanie Herteman, François Fromard, Luc Lambs. Effects of pretreated domestic wastewater supplies on leaf pigment content, photosynthesis rate and growth of mangrove trees: A field study from Mayotte Island, SW Indian Ocean. Ecological Engineering, Elsevier, 2011, vol. 37, pp. 1283-1291. ⟨10.1016/j.ecoleng.2011.03.027⟩. ⟨hal-00953289⟩

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