Lean flame dynamics through a 2D lattice of alkane droplets in air

Abstract : Flame propagation along a 1-D array or through a 2D-lattice of fuel droplets has long been suggested to schematize spray-flames spreading in a two-phase premixture. The present numerical work considers the fresh aerosol as a system of individual alkane droplets initially located at the nodes of a face-centered 2D-lattice, surrounded by a variable mixture of alkane and air, in which the droplets can move. The main parameters of the study are s, the lattice path, and phi_ L , the liquid loading, which are both varied, whereas phi_T , the overall equivalence ratio, is maintained lean ( phi_T = 0.85). Main results are as follows: (a) For a large lattice path (or when the droplets are large enough), spreading occurs in two stages: a short time of combustion followed by a long time lag of vaporization and a classical triple flame (with a very short rich wing) spreads around the droplets; (b) spray-flame speed decreases as liquid loading increases; (c) an elementary model invoking both propagation stages allows us to interpret flame speed as a function of the sole parameter s × phi_ L ; (d) when the lattice path shortens, the spray-flame exhibits a pattern that continuously goes from this situation to the plane flame front.
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  • HAL Id : hal-00935131, version 1

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Colette Nicoli, Bruno Denet, Pierre Haldenwang. Lean flame dynamics through a 2D lattice of alkane droplets in air. Combustion Science and Technology, Taylor & Francis, 2014, 186 (2), pp.103-119. 〈hal-00935131〉

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