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Dense suspension of solid particles as a new heat transfer fluid for concentrated solar thermal plants: on-sun proof of concept

Abstract : This paper demonstrates the capacity of dense suspensions of solid particles to transfer concentrated solar power from a tubular receiver to an energy conversion process by acting as a heat transfer fluid. Contrary to a circulating fluidized bed, the dense suspension of particles' flows operates at low gas velocity and large solid fraction. A single-tube solar receiver was tested with 64 µm mean diameter silicon carbide particles for solar flux densities in the range 200-250 kW/m2, resulting in a solid particle temperature increase ranging between 50 °C and 150 °C. The mean wall-to-suspension heat transfer coefficient was calculated from experimental data. It is very sensitive to the particle volume fraction of the suspension, which was varied from 26 to 35%, and to the mean particle velocity. Heat transfer coefficients ranging from 140 W/m2 K to 500 W/m2 K have been obtained, thus corresponding to a 400 W/m2 K mean value for standard operating conditions (high solid fraction) at low temperature. A higher heat transfer coefficient may be expected at high temperatures because the wall-to-suspension heat transfer coefficient increases drastically with temperature. The suspension has a heat capacity similar to a liquid heat transfer fluid, with no temperature limitation but the working temperature limit of the receiver tube. Suspension temperatures of up to 750 °C are expected for metallic tubes, thus opening new opportunities for high efficiency thermodynamic cycles such as supercritical steam and supercritical carbon dioxide.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, December 11, 2013 - 2:24:24 PM
Last modification on : Friday, January 10, 2020 - 9:08:43 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Wednesday, March 12, 2014 - 6:10:18 AM


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Gilles Flamant, Daniel Gauthier, Hadrien Benoit, Jean-Louis Sans, Roger Garcia, et al.. Dense suspension of solid particles as a new heat transfer fluid for concentrated solar thermal plants: on-sun proof of concept. Chemical Engineering Science, Elsevier, 2013, vol. 102, pp. 567-576. ⟨10.1016/j.ces.2013.08.051⟩. ⟨hal-00917182⟩



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