Processing and electrical characterization of a unidirectional CFRP composite filled with double walled carbon nanotubes

Abstract : Carbon nanotubes represent new emergent multifunctional materials that have potential applications for structural and electrically conductive composites. In the current paper we present a suitable technique for the integration of Double Walled Carbon Nanotubes (DWCNTs) in a unidirectional Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymer (CFRP) with high volume content of carbon fiber. We showed that the electrical conductivity of the laminates versus temperature follows a non-linear variation which can be well described by the Fluctuation-Induced Tunneling Conduction (FITC) model. The parameters of this model for CFRP/ DWCNTs and CFRP without DWCNTs were determined using best fit curves of the experimental data. This study has shown that DWCNTs have strong influence in the conductivity through laminate thickness. However, there are no significant effects on the electrical conductivity measured in the other two principle directions of the composite laminate. Furthermore, it was found that electron conduction mechanism of carbon fibers is dominated by the FITC.
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Ihab El Sawi, Philippe Olivier, Philippe Demont, Habiba Bougherara. Processing and electrical characterization of a unidirectional CFRP composite filled with double walled carbon nanotubes. Composites Science and Technology, Elsevier, 2012, vol. 73, pp. 19-26. ⟨10.1016/j.compscitech.2012.08.016⟩. ⟨hal-00904040⟩

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