New identities relating wild Goppa codes

Abstract : For a given support $L\in \mathbb{F}_{q^m}^n$ and a polynomial $g\in \mathbb{F}_{q^m}[x]$ with no roots in $\mathbb{F}_{q^m}$, we prove equality between the $q$-ary Goppa codes $\Gamma_q(L,N(g)) = \Gamma_q(L,N(g)/g)$ where $N(g)$ denotes the norm of $g$, that is $g^{q^{m-1}+\cdots +q+1}.$ In particular, for $m=2$, that is, for a quadratic extension, we get $\Gamma_q(L,g^q) = \Gamma_q(L,g^{q+1})$. If $g$ has roots in $\mathbb{F}_{q^m}$, then we do not necessarily have equality and we prove that the difference of the dimensions of the two codes is bounded above by the number of distinct roots of $g$ in $\mathbb{F}_{q^m}$. These identities provide numerous code equivalences and improved designed parameters for some families of classical Goppa codes.
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Alain Couvreur, Ayoub Otmani, Jean-Pierre Tillich. New identities relating wild Goppa codes. Finite Fields and Their Applications, Elsevier, 2014, 29, pp.178-197. ⟨10.1016/j.ffa.2014.04.007⟩. ⟨hal-00880994⟩

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