On the way to determination of the vapor-pressure curve of pure water

Abstract : The determination of the physical properties of pure water, especially the vapor-pressure curve of water, is one of the major issues identified by the Consultative Committee for Thermometry of the International Committee for Weights and Measures (CIPM) to improve the accuracy of the national references in humidity. At the present time the saturation-pressure data, corresponding to ice or liquid-vapor equilibrium, at low temperature are scarce and unreliable. This study presents new measurements of vapor and sublimation pressures of, respectively, water and ice, using a static apparatus. Prior to saturation-pressure measurements, the temperature and pressure sensors of the static apparatus were calibrated against reference gauges in use at the LNE-CETIAT laboratories. The effect of thermal transpiration has been studied. The explored temperature range lies between 250 K and 374 K, and the pressure range between 70 Pa and 10(5) Pa. An automatic data acquisition program was developed to monitor the pressure and temperature. The obtained results have been compared with available literature data. The preliminary uncertainty budget took into account several components: pressure measurements, temperature measurements, and environmental error sources such as thermal transpiration and hydrostatic correction.
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Submitted on : Monday, October 28, 2013 - 4:40:32 PM
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S. Mokdad, E. Georgin, Ilham Mokbel, Jacques Jose, Y. Hermier, et al.. On the way to determination of the vapor-pressure curve of pure water. International Journal of Thermophysics, Springer Verlag, 2012, 33 (8-9), pp.1374-1389. ⟨10.1007/s10765-012-1261-6⟩. ⟨hal-00877513⟩



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