Clientelism and politicisation. The case of Corsica during the French Third Republic

Abstract : Clientelism is generally considered, in a historical and sociological perspective, to be an obstacle to political modernization, and democratisation. As an individualised relationship based on mutual benefits and satisfaction of material purposes (political support in return for services), it is assumed to prevent the fulfilment of democratic citizenship and modern political exchange, based on collective identifications, political values, and ideology. The study of the implementation and anchorage of representative democracy in Corsica during the French Third Republic (1870-1940) leads to revisit such a conception of clientelism. This one could be analysed as a mechanism through which the modern political institutions (political parties, state bureaucracies) and categories (political identities, citizenship) are integrated, adapted and reinterpreted in local situations. Focusing on the local appropriations of modern politics, the paper also leads to re-examine the notion of politicisation, conceived as a process of practical appropriation and experimentation of democratic institutions and practices more than a process of integration of modern and official political values.
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Jean-Louis Briquet. Clientelism and politicisation. The case of Corsica during the French Third Republic. International Symposium "Democratic culture and the local in Europe 1870-1990" Humbolt University / Fritz Thyssen Stiftung, Apr 2013, Köln, Germany. ⟨hal-00877163⟩

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