Water in Protoplanetary Disks: Deuteration and Turbulent Mixing

Kenji Furuya Yuri Aikawa 1 Hideko Nomura F. Hersant 2 Valentine Wakelam 3
2 FORMATION STELLAIRE 2013
L3AB - Laboratoire d'astrodynamique, d'astrophysique et d'aéronomie de bordeaux, OASU - Observatoire aquitain des sciences de l'univers, LAB - Laboratoire d'Astrophysique de Bordeaux [Pessac], Université Sciences et Technologies - Bordeaux 1
3 AMOR 2013
L3AB - Laboratoire d'astrodynamique, d'astrophysique et d'aéronomie de bordeaux, OASU - Observatoire aquitain des sciences de l'univers, LAB - Laboratoire d'Astrophysique de Bordeaux [Pessac], Université Sciences et Technologies - Bordeaux 1
Abstract : We investigate water and deuterated water chemistry in turbulent protoplanetary disks. Chemical rate equations are solved with the diffusion term, mimicking turbulent mixing in vertical direction. Water near the midplane is transported to the disk atmosphere by turbulence and destroyed by photoreactions to produce atomic oxygen, while the atomic oxygen is transported to the midplane and reforms water and/or other molecules. We find that this cycle significantly decreases column densities of water ice at r < 30 AU, where dust temperatures are too high to reform water ice effectively. The radial extent of such region depends on the desorption energy of atomic hydrogen. Our model indicates that water ice could be deficient even outside the sublimation radius. Outside this radius, the cycle decreases the D/H ratio of water ice from 2x10^-2, which is set by the collapsing core model, to 10^-4-10^-2 in 10^6 yr, without significantly decreasing the water ice column density. The resultant D/H ratios depend on the strength of mixing and the radial distance from the central star. Our finding suggests that the D/H ratio of cometary water (10^-3-10^-4) could be established (i.e. cometary water could be formed) in the solar nebula, even if the D/H ratio of water ice delivered to the disk was very high (10^-2).
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00874486
Contributeur : Marie-Paule Pomies <>
Soumis le : vendredi 18 octobre 2013 - 08:29:50
Dernière modification le : jeudi 28 septembre 2017 - 01:06:00

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Kenji Furuya, Yuri Aikawa, Hideko Nomura, F. Hersant, Valentine Wakelam. Water in Protoplanetary Disks: Deuteration and Turbulent Mixing. Astrophysical Journal, American Astronomical Society, 2013, 779 (1), pp.id. 11. 〈10.1088/0004-637X/779/1/11〉. 〈hal-00874486〉

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