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Interannual variability of primary production and air-sea CO2 flux in the Atlantic and Indian sectors of the Southern Ocean.

Abstract : As one of the major oceanic sinks of anthropogenic CO2, the Southern Ocean plays a critical role in the climate system. However, due to the scarcity of observations, little is known about physical and biological processes that control air-sea CO2 fluxes and how these processes might respond to climate change. It is well established that primary production is one of the major drivers of air-sea CO2 fluxes, consuming surface Dissolved Inorganic Carbon (DIC) during Summer. Southern Ocean primary production is though constrained by several limiting factors such as iron and light availability, which are both sensitive to mixed layer depth. Mixed layer depth is known to be affected by current changes in wind stress or freshwater fluxes over the Southern Ocean. But we still don't know how primary production may respond to anomalous mixed layer depth neither how physical processes may balance this response to set the seasonal cycle of air-sea CO2 fluxes. In this study, we investigate the impact of anomalous mixed layer depth on surface DIC in the Atlantic and Indian sectors of the Subantarctic zone of the Southern Ocean (60W-60E, 38S-55S) with a combination of in situ data, satellite data and model experiment. We use both a regional eddy permitting ocean biogeochemical model simulation based on NEMO-PISCES and data-based reconstruction of biogeochemical fields based on CARIOCA buoys and SeaWiFS data. A decomposition of the physical and biological processes driving the seasonal variability of surface DIC is performed with both the model data and observations. A good agreement is found between the model and the data for the amplitude of biological and air-sea flux contributions. The model data are further used to investigate the impact of winter and summer anomalies in mixed layer depth on surface DIC over the period 1990-2004. The relative changes of each physical and biological process contribution are quantified and discussed.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00873745
Contributor : Françoise Pinsard <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, October 16, 2013 - 12:44:03 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, March 17, 2020 - 2:20:20 AM

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Carolina Dufour, Liliane Merlivat, Julien Le Sommer, Jacqueline Boutin, David Antoine. Interannual variability of primary production and air-sea CO2 flux in the Atlantic and Indian sectors of the Southern Ocean.. EGU General Assembly 2013, Apr 2013, Vienne, Austria. pp.8634. ⟨hal-00873745⟩

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