Revisiting the Short-Wave Spectrum of the Sea Surface in the Light of the Weighted Curvature Approximation

Abstract : Existing models for the short-wave spectrum of the sea surface are not consistent with microwave satellite data when multi-bands and multi-incidence data sets are considered. We devise a simple parametric model for the short-wave omnidirectional spectrum of the sea surface on the basis of a three-band (C, Ku, and Ka) and multi-incidence (low, moderate, and large) data set and an improved analytical scattering model, namely the non-Gaussian Weighted Curvature Approximation. This spectrum is also constrained by several optical measurements which provide a priori conditions on the total and filtered mean-square slopes. It is compared with classical models such as Elfouhaily and Kudryavtsev unified curvature spectra. Significant differences are observed at wave numbers corresponding to the range of decimeter scales. The new spectrum is by construction fully consistent with the omnidirectional normalized radar cross section of the multi-band data set.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, September 25, 2013 - 7:45:18 PM
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Alexandra Bringer, Alexis Mouche, Bertrand Chapron, Charles-Antoine Guerin. Revisiting the Short-Wave Spectrum of the Sea Surface in the Light of the Weighted Curvature Approximation. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2014, 52 (1), pp.679. ⟨10.1109/TGRS.2013.2243459⟩. ⟨hal-00866080⟩

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