Coupled Rock-Eval pyrolysis and spectrophotometry for lacustrine sedimentary dynamics: Application for West Central African rainforests (Kamalété and Nguène lakes, Gabon)

Abstract : In recent years, Nguène Lake and Kamalété Lake (Gabon, West Central Africa) have been studied repeatedly, providing comprehensive reconstructions of environmental changes over the last millennia. Both lakes are in different geomorphological and environmental settings. They are therefore excellent sites to test new methodological approaches. Indeed, the sedimentary cores provide various facies, and the previous studies provide references for calibrating the results of new methods. In this methodological issue, the present study aims to evaluate the potential of spectrophotometric and Rock-Eval coupled analysis to describe the Holocene lake and marsh deposits from tropical moist forests. This assessment is carried out on samples taken from two well-documented reference cores. The spectrophotometric analysis provides reproducible colour measurements, which inform about the nature of the main colour-bearing constituents. Coupled with Rock-Eval pyrolysis, this technique can be used to describe lithological changes and identify the probable source of sedimentary organic matter. In the studied cases, this approach identified the facies dominated by detrital terrigenous inputs ('iron bearing' signature and high OI values) and those associated with a more abundant primary production ('chlorophyll' signature, low OI and high HI), providing a distinction between palustrine and lacustrine dynamics. However, although the facies are comparable, sedimentary dynamics and sediment sources may vary depending on geomorphological and climatic contexts
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David Sebag, Maxime Debret, M. Mvoubou, R.M. Obame, A. Ngomanda, et al.. Coupled Rock-Eval pyrolysis and spectrophotometry for lacustrine sedimentary dynamics: Application for West Central African rainforests (Kamalété and Nguène lakes, Gabon). The holocene, London: Sage, 2013, pp.1- 11. ⟨10.1177/0959683613483622 hol.sagepub.com⟩. ⟨hal-00861195⟩

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