Analysis of a periodic optimal control problem connected to microalgae anaerobic digestion

Térence Bayen 1, 2, 3 Francis Mairet 4 Pierre Martinon 5, 6 Matthieu Sebbah 7
1 MODEMIC - Modelling and Optimisation of the Dynamics of Ecosystems with MICro-organisme
CRISAM - Inria Sophia Antipolis - Méditerranée , MISTEA - Mathématiques, Informatique et STatistique pour l'Environnement et l'Agronomie
4 BIOCORE - Biological control of artificial ecosystems
LOV - Laboratoire d'océanographie de Villefranche, CRISAM - Inria Sophia Antipolis - Méditerranée , INRA - Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique
5 Commands - Control, Optimization, Models, Methods and Applications for Nonlinear Dynamical Systems
CMAP - Centre de Mathématiques Appliquées - Ecole Polytechnique, Inria Saclay - Ile de France, UMA - Unité de Mathématiques Appliquées
Abstract : In this work, we study the coupling of a culture of microalgae limited by light and an anaerobic digester in a two-tank bioreactor. The model for the reactor combines a periodic day-night light for the culture of microalgae and a classical chemostat model for the digester. We first prove the existence and attraction of periodic solutions of this problem for a 1 day period. Then, we study the optimal control problem of optimizing the production of methane in the digester during a certain timeframe, the control on the system being the dilution rate (the input flow of microalgae in the digester). We apply Pontryagin's Maximum Principle in order to characterize optimal controls, including the computation of singular controls. We present numerical simulations by direct and indirect methods for different light models and compare the optimal 1-day periodic solution to the optimal strategy over larger timeframes. Finally, we also investigate the dependence of the optimal cost with respect to the volume ratio of the two tanks.
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Térence Bayen, Francis Mairet, Pierre Martinon, Matthieu Sebbah. Analysis of a periodic optimal control problem connected to microalgae anaerobic digestion. Optimal Control Applications and Methods, Wiley, 2015, 36 (6), pp.750-773. ⟨10.1002/oca.2127⟩. ⟨hal-00860570⟩



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