Degradation of sunscreen agent 2-phenylbenzimidazole-5-sulfonic acid by TiO2 photocatalysis: Kinetics, photoproducts and comparison to structurally related compounds

Abstract : The wide occurrence of sunscreen agent micropollutants in natural environment received extensive attention in recent years due to their potential endocrine disrupting effect. The present study focuses on the kinetics and mechanism of photocatalytic degradation of sunscreen agent 2-phenylbenzimidazole-5-sulfonic acid (PBSA) in illuminated TiO2 suspensions. Photocatalysis of PBSA was systematically investigated under different process conditions and water matrices. Experimental results demonstrated that PBSA photocatalytic reactions followed pseudo-first-order kinetics. Radical scavenging experiments indicated that hydroxyl radical (HO center dot) is the predominant reactive species responsible for an appreciable degradation of PBSA. Second-order rate constant of PBSA-HO center dot reaction was determined to be 5.8 x 10(9) M-1 s(-1) by competition kinetics method. Major intermediates included hydroxylated products, benzamide, hydroxylated benzamidine, hydroxylated 2-pheny-1H-benzimidazole as well as phenylimidazolecarboxylic derivatives which were elucidated by means of high performance liquid chromatograph-mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS) technique. Four carboxylic acids, oxalic, malonic, acetic and maleic acids, were detected during PBSA photocatalysis by HPLC-UV analysis. Ion chromatography (IC) results revealed that the sulfonic group of PBSA was primarily converted to sulfate ion while nitrogen atoms were released predominantly as ammonium and to a lesser extent as nitrate. The reduction of TOC processed much more slowly compared to PBSA degradation, however, approximately 80% TOC was removed after 720 min irradiation. A comparison of photocatalytic degradation of PBSA and structurally related compounds revealed that the 5-sulfonic moiety in PBSA had negligible effect on the photocatalysis of 2-pheny-1H-benzimidazole while 2-phenyl substituent stabilized the benzimidazole ring system to photocatalytic degradation.
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Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, Elsevier, 2013, 140, pp.457-467. 〈10.1016/j.apcatb.2013.04.046〉
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Contributeur : Agnès Bussy <>
Soumis le : mardi 10 septembre 2013 - 16:49:01
Dernière modification le : jeudi 8 février 2018 - 11:10:19

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Yuefei Ji, Lei Zhou, Corinne Ferronato, Arnaud Salvador, Xi Yang, et al.. Degradation of sunscreen agent 2-phenylbenzimidazole-5-sulfonic acid by TiO2 photocatalysis: Kinetics, photoproducts and comparison to structurally related compounds. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, Elsevier, 2013, 140, pp.457-467. 〈10.1016/j.apcatb.2013.04.046〉. 〈hal-00860548〉

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