Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Journal articles

The genome of Theobroma cacao.

Xavier Argout Jerome Salse 1 Jean-Marc Aury 2 Mark J Guiltinan Gaetan Droc 3 Jerome Gouzy 4 Mathilde Allegre Cristian Chaparro 5 Thierry Legavre Siela N Maximova Michael Abrouk 6 Florent Murat 6 Olivier Fouet Julie Poulain 2, 7 Yolande Roguet Maguy Rodier-Goud Jose Fernandes Barbosa-Neto Francois Sabot 8 Dave Kudrna 9 Jetty Siva S Ammiraju Stephan C Schuster John E Carlson Erika Sallet Thomas Schiex 10 Anne Dievart 11 Melissa Kramer 12 Laura Gelley Zi Shi Aurélie Bérard 13 Christopher Viot Michel Boccara Ange Marie Risterucci 14 Valentin Guignon 15 Xavier Sabau Michael J Axtell Zhaorong Ma Yufan Zhang Spencer Brown 16 Mickael Bourge 16 Wolfgang Golser 9 Xiang Song Didier Clement Ronan Rivallan 11 Mathias Tahi Joseph Moroh Akaza Bertrand Pitollat Karina Gramacho Angélique d'Hont 11 Dominique Brunel 17 Diogenes Infante Ismael Kebe Pierre Costet 18 Rod Wing W Richard Mccombie 12 Emmanuel Guiderdoni 3 Francis Quetier 2 Olivier Panaud 5 Patrick Wincker 7 Stephanie Bocs 2 Claire Lanaud
Abstract : We sequenced and assembled the draft genome of Theobroma cacao, an economically important tropical-fruit tree crop that is the source of chocolate. This assembly corresponds to 76% of the estimated genome size and contains almost all previously described genes, with 82% of these genes anchored on the 10 T. cacao chromosomes. Analysis of this sequence information highlighted specific expansion of some gene families during evolution, for example, flavonoid-related genes. It also provides a major source of candidate genes for T. cacao improvement. Based on the inferred paleohistory of the T. cacao genome, we propose an evolutionary scenario whereby the ten T. cacao chromosomes were shaped from an ancestor through eleven chromosome fusions.
Keywords : cacao genome
Document type :
Journal articles
Complete list of metadata
Contributor : Pascale Le Roux <>
Submitted on : Friday, August 30, 2013 - 11:01:54 AM
Last modification on : Friday, July 9, 2021 - 12:02:03 PM



Xavier Argout, Jerome Salse, Jean-Marc Aury, Mark J Guiltinan, Gaetan Droc, et al.. The genome of Theobroma cacao.. Nature Genetics, Nature Publishing Group, 2011, 43 (2), pp.101-8. ⟨10.1038/ng.736⟩. ⟨hal-00855922⟩



Record views