Theoretical characterization of the lowest triplet excited states of the tris-(1,4,5,8-tetraazaphenanthrene) ruthenium dication complex.

Abstract : We present a theoretical study of the ground and the lowest triplet excited states of the tris-(1,4,5,8-tetraazaphenanthrene) ruthenium complex [Ru(tap)3]2+. Density functional theory (DFT) was used to obtain the relaxed geometries and emission energies (Delta-SCF), whereas time-dependent DFT (TD-DFT) was used to compute the absorption spectrum. Our calculations have revealed the presence of three low-lying excited-state minima, which may be relevant in the photophysical/photochemical properties of this complex. Two minima with similar energies correspond to the MLCT 3A2 and MLCT 3B metal-to-ligand charge-transfer states, the first one corresponding to a D3 structure, whereas the second is a slightly localized C2 species. The third and lowest one corresponds to the metal-centered MC 3A state and displays a pronounced C2 distortion. We have examined for the first time the localized character of the excitation in the computed MLCT states. In particular, we have evaluated the pseudorotation barrier between the Jahn-Teller C2 MLCT 3B minima in the moat around the D3 conical intersection. We have shown that the complex should be viewed as a delocalized [Ru3+(tap(-1/3))3]2+ complex in the lowest MLCT states, in agreement with subpicosecond interligand electron transfer observed by femtosecond transient absorption anisotropy study. Upper-bound estimates of the MLCT-->MC (3 kcal/mol) and MC-->MLCT (10 kcal/mol) activation energy barriers obtained from potential energy profiles in vacuum corroborate the high photoinstability of the MLCT states of the [Ru(tap)3]2+complex.
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Contributor : Martial Boggio-Pasqua <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, June 25, 2013 - 11:22:49 PM
Last modification on : Friday, October 11, 2019 - 8:23:28 PM

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Fabienne Alary, Martial Boggio-Pasqua, Jean-Louis Heully, Colin Marsden, Patricia Vicendo. Theoretical characterization of the lowest triplet excited states of the tris-(1,4,5,8-tetraazaphenanthrene) ruthenium dication complex.. Inorganic Chemistry, American Chemical Society, 2008, 47 (12), pp.5259-66. ⟨10.1021/ic800246t⟩. ⟨hal-00838539⟩

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