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La Grotte du Figuier (Saint-Martin-d'Ardèche) : bilan des travaux récents sur un site du Paléolithique moyen et supérieur de la moyenne vallée du Rhône (Sud- Est de la France)

Abstract : The new fieldworks conducted in the three chambers at the Figuier Cave (Ardèche) attest a common deposit inside the karstic system and allow us to precise the type of human occupation. Middle Palaeolithic occupations took place in the chambers 3 and 2, as well as in the main chamber 1. Humans could reach these chambers either through the main chamber (1) or through another entrance located near the chamber 3. The site is well known by the Quina Mousterian level of the main chamber 1. The recent data and the comparison between the archaeological series of the three chambers attest that the cave was inhabited by human groups using common processing systems, although Quina tools lack. Various activities or occupations in each of the chambers have to be envisaged. Humans and carnivores inhabited the chambers distant from the main entrance, during a cold climatic context (probably the last glacial period). Upper Palaeolithic humans have not occuped the karstic system in the same way than during the Middle Palaeolithic. The Gravettian facies is the only one clearly observable through the lithic materiel coming from the new test pits of the chambers 3 and 1. The Figuier cave is a major site, not only by its sequence including Middle and Upper Palaeolithic levels, but also by the Neanderthal occupations attested inside the karstic system, in small chambers far from the main entrance.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00810529
Contributor : Bertrand Lecervoisier Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Wednesday, April 10, 2013 - 10:16:53 AM
Last modification on : Friday, June 4, 2021 - 3:09:22 AM

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  • HAL Id : hal-00810529, version 1

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Marie-Hélène Moncel, Simon Puaud, Camille Daujeard, Anne-Sophie Lartigot-Campin, Jean-Jacques Millet, et al.. La Grotte du Figuier (Saint-Martin-d'Ardèche) : bilan des travaux récents sur un site du Paléolithique moyen et supérieur de la moyenne vallée du Rhône (Sud- Est de la France). Bulletin de la Société Préhistorique Française, Société Préhistorique Française, 2012, pp.35-67. ⟨hal-00810529⟩

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