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Phase Transformations of Metallorganic Chemical Vapor Deposition Processed Alumina Coatings Investigated by In Situ Deflection

Abstract : Phase transformations of Al2O3 films, deposited by metallorganic chemical vapor deposition from aluminium tri-isopropoxide on AISI 301 stainless steel, were investigated using an original technique of deflection associated with X-ray diffraction and electron microscopy. The samples were first oxidized at 1123 K in air to obtain a 0.9 m thick Cr2O3 protective oxide film on one side of the samples. Then, 1 m thick amorphous Al2O3 films were deposited on the opposite side at 823 K and 2 kPa. The deflection of such dissymmetrical samples was recorded during anisothermal treatments, consisting in slow heating to 1173 K in Ar atmosphere. The coefficient of thermal expansion of both the Cr2O3 and the amorphous Al2O3 films was determined to be 710−6 K−1 and 14.7 10−6 K−1, respectively. Crystallization kinetics of amorphous to mainly -Al2O3 become significant at temperatures equal or greater than 983 K. Transformation of metastable Al2O3 to -Al2O3 is initiated below 1173 K. It is demonstrated that deflection is a powerful tool for investigating the behavior of thin films deposited on a substrate and especially to reveal transformations occurring in these films during heat-treatments.
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Anne-Marie Huntz, Michel Andrieux, Constantin Vahlas, Maria-Magdalena Sovar, Diane Samélor, et al.. Phase Transformations of Metallorganic Chemical Vapor Deposition Processed Alumina Coatings Investigated by In Situ Deflection. Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Electrochemical Society, 2007, vol. 154, pp. 63-68. ⟨10.1149/1.2715314⟩. ⟨hal-00806108⟩

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